The MICROPOL group of the CES&T brings together several UGent research groups working on the occurrence, analytics, behavior, distribution, toxicity, risks and treatment of micropollutants in the environment (water, air, soil).
Micropollutants (including emerging contaminants) are of increasing worldwide concern and consist of a wide range of anthropogenic and natural substances, including trace elements (metals and metalloids), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, industrial chemicals, and hormones. Micropollutants are typically present in the environment at (ultra-)trace concentrations. Their low concentration often complicates analysis, treatment, and risk assessment, not the least because they often occur in complex mixtures and matrices.
The MICROPOL group of the CES&T currently brings together 7 research groups (and their expertise):
|GhEnToxLab||Ghent University Environmental Toxicology Unit||Ecotoxicology, stress ecology and risk assessment of micropollutants|
|EnVOC||Environmental Organic Chemistry and Technology||Chemical trace analysis of (non-)volatile organics and emerging micropollutants, air and water treatment|
|CMET||Center for Microbial Ecology and Technology||The study and application of mixed microbial cultures or communities|
|BIOMATH||Mathematical Modelling, Statistics and Bioinformatics||Model-based process analysis and optimisation|
|PainT||Particle and Interfacial Technology group||Fundamental studies and applications of physico-chemical separation processes for water treatment|
|ECOCHEM||Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Applied Ecochemistry||Environmental and analytical chemistry of trace elements (metals and metalloids)|
|LIWET||Laboratory for Industrial Water and Ecotechnology||Scale-up of water treatment processes|
Sample of recently finished or ongoing representative projects by MICROPOL research groups:
|Project acronym||Project title||Research groups||Funding|
|NewSTHEPS||New Strategies for monitoring and risk assessment of Hazardous chemicals in the marine Environment with Passive Samplers||GhEnToxLab, EnVOC||BELSPO|
|AQUAStress||Aquatic Systems under multiple stress: a New Paradigm for Integrating Aquaculture and Ecotoxicology Research||GhEnToxLab||BELSPO|
|LEAD-BLM-Tool||Development of a model and software for calculating bioavailability-based environmental quality standards for lead (Pb)||GhEnToxLab||ILA|
|BIOTOF||PTR-Qi-TOF-MS as an advanced online mass spectrometry based measuring technique for VOCs in the field of Bioscience Engineering||EnVOC||Hercules Foundation|
|Fast liquid chromatography high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for high-throughput analysis of bioactive organic ultra-trace compounds||EnVOC|
|Super-W||Hybrid membrane bioreactor (MBR) concepts for removal of micropollutants (MPs) from municipal wastewater||EnVOC||EU/Marie Curie|
|Advanced oxidation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in water||EnVOC||UGent|
|Screening and quantification of pharmaceutical residues in aquatic environments using high-resolution mass spectrometry||EnVOC||UGent|
|BIOTREAT||Biotreatment of drinking water resources polluted by pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other micropollutants||CMET||EU FP7|
|ULIXES||Unravelling and exploiting Mediterranean Sea microbial diversity and ecology for xenobiotics and pollutants||CMET||EU FP7|
|KILLSPILL||Integrated Biotechnological Solutions for Combating Marine Oil Spills||CMET||EU FP7|
|MERMAID||Microbial Resource Management and Engineering in the Urban Water Cycle||CMET||EU Marie Curie ITN|
|ESTAB||Emerging substances – towards an absolute barrier||PainT||EU Eureka Innowator|
|Blue Circle||Selective separation between organics and inorganics in complex waste streams||PainT||IWT|
|Advanced reduction of organic micropollutants||PainT||UGent|
|Super-W||Novel NF membranes for advanced micropollutant removal||PainT||EU Marie Curie|
|AOG-O3μP||Reducing micropollutants in secondary waste water effluent by the use of ozone||LIWET|
|CW-MICROPOL||The removal and fate of both organic (pharmaceuticals) and inorganic (metallic nanoparticles) micropollutants in constructed wetlands||LIWET|
|Urban Run-off||Occurrence and removal of micropollutants in urban run-off||LIWET|
|European Joint Doctorate on Sustainable Product, Energy and Resource Recovery from Wastewater||ECOCHEM||EU Marie Curie|
|Get-a-Met||Groundbreaking extraction technology for critical metals and metalloids from industrial wastewaters||ECOCHEM||SIM SBO|
Sample of recently published scientific papers by MICROPOL research groups:
- De Coninck D.I.M., Asselman J., Glaholt S., Janssen C.R., Colbourne J.K., Shaw J.R. and K.A.C. De Schamphelaere, 2014. Genome-wide transcription profiles reveal genotype-dependent responses of biological pathways and gene-families in Daphnia exposed to single and mixed stressors. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(6):3513-3522.
- Asselman J., Janssen C.R., Smagghe G. and K.A.C. De Schamphelaere, 2014. Ecotoxicity of binary mixtures of Microcystis aeruginosa and insecticides to Daphnia pulex. Environmental Pollution, 188:56-63.
- Van Sprang et al. (2016). The derivation of effects threshold concentrations of lead for European freshwater ecosystems. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (in press).
- Vergeynst, L.; Van Langenhove, H. and Demeestere, K. (2015). Balancing the false negative and positive rates in suspect screening with high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry using multivariate statistics. Analytical Chemistry, 87(4), 2170-2177.
- Walgraeve, C.; Chantara, S.; Sopajaree, K.; De Wispelaere, P.; Demeestere, K. and Van Langenhove, H. (2015). Quantification of PAHs and oxy-PAHs on airborne particulate matter in Chiang Mai, Thailand, using gas chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry. Atmospheric Environment, 107, 262-272.
- Van Doorslaer, X.; Haylamicheal, I.D.; Dewulf, J.; Van Langenhove, H.; Janssen, C.R. and Demeestere, K. (2015). Heterogeneous photocatalysis of moxifloxacin: chemical transformation and ecotoxicity. Chemosphere, 119, S75-S80.
- Scoma, A., Barbato, M., Hernandez-Sanabria, E., Mapelli, F., Daffonchio, D., Borin, S., & Boon, N. 2016. Microbial oil-degradation under mild hydrostatic pressure (10 MPa): which pathways are impacted in piezosensitive hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria? Scientific Reports. 6.
- De Roy, K., Marzorati, M., Van den Abbeele, P., Van de Wiele, T., & Boon, N. 2014. Synthetic microbial ecosystems: an exciting tool to understand and apply microbial communities. Environmental Microbiology. 16: 1472-1481.
- Benner, J., Helbling, D. E., Kohler, H. P., Wittebol, J., Kaiser, E., Prasse, C., Ternes, T. A., Albers, C. N., Aamand, J., Horemans, B., Springael, D., Walravens, E., & Boon, N. 2013. Is biological treatment a viable alternative for micropollutant removal in drinking water treatment processes? Water Research. 47: 5955-5976.
- T.O. Mahlangu, E.M.V. Hoek, B.B. Mamba and A.R.D. Verliefde, Influence of organic, colloidal and combined fouling on NF rejection of NaCl and carbamazepine: Role of solute-foulant-membrane interactions and cake-enhanced concentration polarization, Journal of Membrane Science 471 (2014) 35-46.
- M. Vanoppen, A.F.A.M. Bakelants, D. Gaublomme, K.V.K.M. Schoutteten, J. Vanden Bussche, L. Vanhaecke and A.R.D. Verliefde, Properties governing the transport of trace organic contaminants through ion-exchange membranes, Environmental Science and Technology 49 (2015) 489-497.
- C. Bertelkamp, J.P. van der Hoek, K. Schoutteten, L. Hulpiau, L. Vanhaecke, J. Vanden Bussche, A.J. Cabo, C. Callewaert, N. Boon, J. Löwenberg, N. Singhal and A.R.D. Verliefde, The effect of feed water dissolved organic carbon concentration and composition on organic micropollutant removal and microbial diversity in soil columns simulating river bank filtration, Chemosphere 144 (2016) 932-939.
- Chys, M., Oloibiri, V. A., Audenaert, W. T., Demeestere, K., & Van Hulle, S. W.H. (2015). Ozonation of biologically treated landfill leachate: efficiency and insights in organic conversions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 277, 104-111.
- Daels, N., Radoicic, M., Radetic, M., De Clerck, K., Van Hulle, S.W.H. (2015). Electrospun nanofibre membranes functionalised with TiO2 nanoparticles: Evaluation of humic acid and bacterial removal from polluted water. Separation and Purification Technology, 149, 488-494.
- Wim Audenaert, Michael Chys, Hannele Auvinen, Ann Dumoulin, Diederik Rousseau and Stijn Van Hulle (2014). (Future) regulation of trace organic compounds in WWTP effluents as a driver of advanced wastewater treatment. OZONE NEWS. 42(6). p.17-23.
- Nicomel, N.R., Leus, K., Folens, K., Van Der Voort, P., Du Laing, G. (2016). Technologies for Arsenic Removal from Water: Current Status and Future Perspectives. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, 62.
- Vandecasteele, B., Quataert, P., Piesschaert, F., Lettens, S., De Vos, B., Du Laing, G. (2015). Translocation of Cd and Mn from bark to leaves in willow during marsh to woodland transition on polluted sediments: delayed budburst is related to high Mn concentrations. Land, 4, 255-280.
- Van Koetsem, F., Geremew, T.T., Wallaert, E., Verbeken, K., Van der Meeren, P. & Du Laing, G. (2015). Fate of engineered nanomaterials in surface water: factors affecting interactions of Ag and CeO2 nanoparticles with (re)suspended sediments. Ecological Engineering, 80, 140-150.